Luni sul Mignone

“Pian di Luni” or “Luni” is the name of a plateau, built by the volcanic rock, tufa, and lying by the river Mignone in the Comune di Blera, about 65 km northwest of Rome.

The crown of the mountain consists of a relatively flat plain, c. 550 metres long and 150 metres wide at the widest point. The plateau lies in a NE-SW direction. The cliffs drop precipitously in relation to the surrounding terrain and therefore give the area natural protection. On the southern side the Vesca stream meets the river Mignone while the northern side of Luni is flanked by the deep valley of the Canino brook.

Between the years 1960 and 1963, archaeological investigations took place on the Luni plateau and Fornicchio (Monte Fornicchio), a small hill directly northeast of Luni. Furthermore, a shaft was dug in the depression between Fornicchio and the Luni plateau. This area has later been called, Tre Erici.

In the surrounding area, the necropoleis of Pianarola, Pontone Spaderna and Monte Fortino, were also investigated.


– Östenberg, C.E., ‘Luni sul Mignone. Prima campagna di scavi’, NSc 15, 1961, 103 pp.

– Toti, O., Ferrari, F. & Pergi, B., ‘Il centro etrusco di Luni’, Associazione archeologica “Centumcellae”.

– Östenberg, C.E., ‘Luni and Villa Sambuco’, in Etruscan culture, land and people, Malmö 1962, 313 pp.

– Magrini, L., ‘Gli scavi dell’Istituto Svedese a Luni sul Vesca’, Archeologia I,3, 1962, 5 pp.

– Riemann, H., ‘Die schwedischen Forschungen in Südetrurien 1956-1962’, Gymnasium 72, 1965, 331 pp.

– Östenberg, C.E., Luni sul Mignone e problemi della preistoria d’Italia ActaRom-4o, 32), Lund 1967.

– Östenberg, C.E., ‘Edificio monumentale dell’età del ferro scoperto a Luni sul Mignone’, in Atti del primo simposio internazionale di protostoria italiana, Roma 1969, 155-164.

– Östenberg, C.E., ‘An Etruscan Archaic house-type not described by Vitruvius’, OpRom 7, 1969, 89-107.

– Wieselgren, T., Luni sul Mignone II:1. The Iron Age settlement on the acropolis (ActaRom-4o), Stockholm 1969.

– Boethius, A., ‘Gli scavi a S. Giovenale e Luni. 1956-‘, Studi sulla città antica. Atti del convegno di studi sulla città etrusca e italica preromana. Bologna 1970, 161-164.

– Hellström, P., Luni sul Mignone II:2. The zone of the large Iron Age building, ActaRom-4o, 27:2:2), Stockholm 1975.

– Whitehouse, D., ‘Medieval pottery from Luni sul Mignone’, OpRom 15, 1985, 143-147.

– Bengtsson, J.R. ‘More medieval pottery from Luni sul Mignone’, OpRom 20, 1996, 203-206.

– Brandt, O., ‘La chiesa medievale di Luni sul Mignone’, OpRom 20, 1996, 207-222.

– Hellström, P., ‘Rock-cut chamber tombs at Luni sul Mignone’, OpRom 20, 1996, 223-248.

– Hellström, P. , ‘Reflexions on the function of the monumental building at Luni sul Mignone’, in From huts to houses. Transformation of ancient societies, (ActaRom-4o,), R. Brandt & L. Karlsson (eds.), Roma 2001.

– Bengtsson, J.R., ‘Survey in Italia, “La Farnesiana Project’, OpRom 17 1989, 7-8.

– Bengtsson, J.R., Luni sul Mignone och dess kringland. En diakronisk studie av ett mellanitaliskt landskap och dess arkeologi, doc. diss., Lund 2001.

– Bengtsson J.R., “Late Bronze Age handles from the Apennine settlement at Luni sul Mignone. Some chronological observations”. OpRom 31-32, 2008, 7-15.